is radiative transfer?
When a ray of light passes through a medium, a fraction of its light can be removed from the ray, as well as some other light can be added to the ray. This is called radiative transfer. Basic physical processes responsible for this tempering of a ray of light are scattering, absorption and emission of light by the medium.
In the case of LELUYA, the medium is a dusty cloud around a star. The source of energy in the form of light is the star. When we look toward the star, its light is tampered as mentioned above. In addition, the whole cloud emits light because some stellar light is scattered toward us by the dust particles. Also, these particles emit light (mostly in the form of infrared light) because they are heated by the star (through the light absorption process) and thus have a certain temperature.
LELUYA's job is to find out how exactly all these processes are balanced in such a cloud. This is a very difficult problem to solve because each single speck of the dust cloud behaves as an energy source for the whole cloud.
energy from a light beam
energy into a light beam